While the size of the office has continued to grow and expand, the terminology formerly used to describe cities has been applied to workplace programming. Parts of floor slabs have been divided into quarters that each have their own identifiable emblem, coffee and identity. Employees could now spend their day meeting between neighbourhoods to choose their preferred work environment or eat in another café. Finally, the neighbourhood concept would be extended to laundries, massage tables, spas, medical clinics, salons, fitness centers and daycares. All your needs were met in your „city“ (also known as your workplace) so you rarely had to leave your office during working hours. This concept was very successful because workers were happy to have easy access to services and employers benefited because workers would work longer or be more productive in their jobs. However, there are drawbacks to the development of the city and offices, the most important of which is that retailers and service providers in the local community are seeing their turnover decline with the development of these internal ecosystems. To deal with negative effects like this, cities like San Francisco are now trying to pass laws that ban amenities like coffee shops in offices. Over the past decade, technology companies have made great strides in locating offices in urban centres rather than in suburban campuses, which were once daily. This displacement has been mainly encouraged by recruitment needs, as more and more workers choose to live in areas that allow them to walk or cycle to work. Many of these companies offer facilities for food, fitness, medicine, laundry and daycare, among other services to their employees as benefits.
While it is a great comfort for employees, especially on suburban campuses, where there is less choice, it has influenced retail in urban centres. Restaurants and retailers at the base of municipal office buildings are struggling to increase sales beyond happy hour and weekend walking. LEED, WELL, RESET , Green Guard, Living Building Challenge (LBC) and many other evaluation systems have now become commonplace in the design of the workstation. In recent years, many technology companies have also developed their own internal standards for certain items that they believe deserve further development. Given the progress in air monitoring and ongoing research, which is studying the impact of IEQ on cognitive function, it is likely that materials and air quality will be brought up again.